The Siddhars in Tamil wisdom tradition are the greatest ancient scientists and ‘perfected individuals’, who have attained spiritual powers called Siddhi and these powers spanned from achieving biological immortality, transforming the body, spiritualizing the matter at the molecular level and controlling time and space. As per the archaeological evidences, the Siddha tradition originated from the submerged land, Kumarikandam, also known as the ‘Lost continent’ or the Lemuria continent situated in the Indian ocean. The Tamil Siddha tradition is said to have emerged in antiquity, from the heightened intuition, clarified intellect and highly evolved consciousness of the Siddhars. Their super consciousness states enabled them to explore the world in infinite dimensions of creation and contribute their knowledge not only to diverse disciplines such astrology, atomic physics, medicine, anatomy, geology, alchemy, astronomy etc. but also to many other scientific disciplines of public utility.

Siddhars built their system on matter similar to western scientists, but they acquired three forms of knowledge : Knowledge of matter (Pasa Gnanam), knowledge of spirit (Pasu Gnanam) and knowledge of God (Pathi Gnanam) and they were adept in all these three forms of knowledge. The scientific enquiry of the siddhas started with the knowledge of matter and as true scientists they progressed to acquire knowledge of spirit and God. The Siddhas being, basically Alchemists based their theories upon matter and fully explored its science in the outer world as well as in the human body. Atomic science was known to them. The evolutionary concept of Darwin that only matter [when purified] is converted into life in the right atmosphere of water, heat and gases was known to them. The right process of such purification was also known to them. This process when completed in the outer world, in the laboratory, was called as ema siddhi [the power of converting any form of matter into live, philosophical gold], when completed next in the human body was known as sagak kalvi [the science of physical immortality]. Siddhas being real scientists competent in the advanced physical, chemical, biological and cosmological sciences gave the process in scientific details starting from matter first, converting it into gold and diamond, then into physical light and finally into light of consciousness or life and spirit and divine substance through total compassion. Every human is born with supramental consciousness or God within his head. Every human’s being or life force is the real temple of Chidambaram, inside which the Lord, with his supramental consciousness or truth consciousness, is eternally dancing. To consciously enter into this living temple in one’s own head, through the pathway of the third eye or sacred square inch of immortality in the words of the Chinese Taoists, and see the Lord of divine light and consciousness was the entire yogic science of the Siddhas and saivites of Tamilnadu. This yogic education was called ‘the education of Thiruchitrambalam’ ‘the education of God-knowledge or supramental consciousness’. The wisdom of the Siddhas like Thiruvalluvar, Thirumular and Vallalar is what the world needs now. For, they are adepts in the science not only of the enlightenment of consciousness but in the immortality of the physical body also. They claim to have lived for eons and will never die. They also claim to have the fine divine powers of creation of universes and beings, sustaining them, destruction of them when their evil exceeds the limits, veiling their knowledge to suit their lives and conditions and finally offering them grace for salvation and empowerment as spiritual and divine beings. .


Philosophies have been variously classified such as idealistic or materialistic, monistic or pluralistic, religious or secular and so on based upon their basic premises. They can also be classified according to their uses and their priorities of concern. Almost all the religious philosophies are god centered. They are always adoring god, his omnipotence, his omniscience, the beauty of his creation, his providence etc. thereby belittling man and demeaning his life so that he would humility and serve god a the religious leaders and institutions. At their extreme levels, as Marc and Faverback pointed out, they will drive man into a state of alienation.

On the contrary, philosophies based on science are concerned more with matter and materialistic world. They are anti-god, anti-religious and anti-spiritual values. Though with technology, science has improved the everyday lifestyle of man to an appreciable extent in its another extreme condition of mass materialism and consumerism, it makes man a machine and a collector of gadgets, into a grown up adult with the mentality of a child interested in fascinating dolls. This condition also pushes man into another form of alienation. The very fact that we find both theistic and nihilistic philosophies among existentialists who were pioneers in analyzing and conquering the inhuman condition of alienation goes to prove that both religion and science in their extreme stages produces alienation and absurdity.

How to remedy the situation and improve the condition of man mentally also? This question was answered positively to some extent by humanism. Being human centered it wanted to develop the whole man. So it included in its agenda the humanistic branches of knowledge (note the word humanities mean social sciences like economics, sociology, literature and philosophy, psychology etc. all those disciplines that deal with man’s wellbeing in mind, emotions, moral values etc.). Unfortunately they omitted and avoided spiritual values misinterpreting them as belonging to religion and as religious values. Consequently they succeeded only half in its aims of rebellion and conquest of religions. For man is a whole made up of five parts:

1. Physical body
2. Mind
3. Individual soul
4. Spirit common to all beings (Dasien in Heidegger’s terminology)
5. God or the intelligence behind the created universe

Even if one of these five parts were neglected, man will not be a whole being and would suffer meaninglessness, absurdity and alienation in his life to that extent. The advent of yoga, Zen, various schools of meditation from the east was only a supplement to humanism to fill up the void in it. We should not forget the fact that though these techniques from the east, satisfied the spiritual hunger of the western masses, did not call for worshipping of any deity or adherence to any religion. They are secular in spirit. This proves indubitably that spirituality and religions are two poles apart. Buddha and Jain Mahavir proved this truth long ago in the east some six centuries before Christ. The Tamil wisdom tradition starting from the universal bard Thiruvalluvar taught only secular spirituality. His universal scripture “Thirukkural” addresses all of humanity, not only any particular sect or race. The Tamil Siddha tradition condemned vehemently all sectarian points of view like cast, color, race or religion among humans. They prescribed a secular but spiritual moral code for all but stressed yoga and wisdom. Though they worshipped god, they meant only the god that resided in the human body, in between and behind the brows, the oversoul that activated the individual human soul.

And in the long line of the immortals also called Siddhas who appeared on the world scene like banana trees by the side of other banana trees. Swami Ramalinga Vallalar appeared last in the twenties of the nineteenth century. He was not only a continuation of the Siddha tradition but its fulfillment, its peak of Everest. As was his tradition, he was also man-centered. Of the three verities of world, man and god, the world is inorganic, insensible, inert matter. God is already complete and self-sufficient, only man who is half-conscious needs to improve his lot. Hence the Tamil Siddha tradition’s stance and importance on human centeredness.

                                                 Source: 'The Philosophy of Vallalar' , Salem R. Kuppusamy


Science is the understanding of the laws of outer nature and technology is the conquest of it. Spirituality is the understanding of laws of inner nature and siddhis are the fruits of the conquest of it. Both are sciences. Both are based on understanding the basic laws of nature.

The purpose of both is to go beyond nature and control it. The very word ‘man’ [aal] in Tamil means only this – to rule over nature; to rule over both the outer and the inner. The laws of the outer nature may differ from those of the inner as we find in physics and quantum physics. Spirituality is like quantum physics of consciousness. The task of the scientist today is to discover the exact laws of the quantum consciousness. The ancient scientists of consciousness or seers sharpened, developed and intensified their consciousness in order to increase the powers of their only instrument – consciousness. The future scientists of consciousness may even invent instruments and gadgets to measure exactly the units of consciousness. Already we have a taste of such instruments in the biofeedback machines.

How to survive without food, water and air for breathing without losing energy? What is the alternative source of bio-energy? Can information replace food, water and air as the source of energy? These are some of the questions before man at the juncture of his next mutation in evolution. The food for the astronauts in the form of pills, direct oxygen breathing for patients in critical conditions are some of the indications of the ways in which the future scientists must pay their attention.

Gurdjieff was only partly right when he said that man needs only three types of food namely, solid food and water, air and impressions. Perhaps he got this idea from the Taitriya Upanishad where it is said that man has got five bodies, the food body, the air body, the thought body, the intelligence body and the bliss body. Beyond the five bodies lies the Atman. Thus there are two types of food and two denomination of it are missing in Gurdjieff’s system. Intelligence [vignana] and bliss [ananda] are also the needed foods of the body of man. How to get them? Intelligence can be had by four ways namely, earnestness, truth, yoga and greatness [mahas]. Bliss or ananda can be had by love.

The Taitriya Upanishad also lays out the truth behind the five bodies. These bodies are as it were one behind the other. The food-body is influenced and controlled by the air-body. The air-body is influenced and controlled by the thought-body. The thought-body or mind is controlled by the intelligence-body. The intelligence-body is influenced and controlled by the bliss-body or love-body. Love is the last or highest denomination of energy in the body not only in the man-body but also in the god-body or world-body. A well developed love-body will start producing energy necessary for the assumption behind the injunction of saints such as Christ ‘to love even thy neighbor as thyself’. When a man is always in love, he is constantly producing the positive and the highest kind of food in the world. Even true knowledge or intelligence is only a lower denomination of energy, say the rishis.

Intelligence-body is the aim of a yogi. Earnestness, discrimination, alertness and watchfulness, light in the mind are some of the qualities of this body. A modern scientist like Einstein with his unprejudiced and objective knowledge is a good example of a well-developed intelligence-body. Nevertheless without a well developed love-body or bliss-body a scientist-body or intelligence-body can become dangerous. He can become a veritable Asura. Thus starting at the highest level, with the love-body is not only the most profitable economy of mankind but also the safest. Love is the only savior of mankind, the only truth both of physical body as well as the spiritual body. The science of love alone can liberate mankind, no other religion or technology. What are the various gradations of love? What are the exact relationships between various denominations of love? These questions must be answered by future scientists in mathematical formulae.

P D Ouspensky gives a formula in his class: ‘Emotion is 30000 times faster than thought and intuition 30000 times faster than emotion’. Thought belongs to the mental body, emotion to both the mental and vital bodies and intuition to the intelligence-body. Love is called by him as the higher emotional body and he forgot to add it to the formula. But it has to be scientifically true. But as a starting point this will do. The future scientists must proceed further. They must discover the true relationship and denominations of energy. For there is only one energy in nature as Einstein said in his unified field theory. And that energy is solidified into six levels of matter namely i] inorganic matter, ii] organic matter, iii] mental matter, iv] psychic matter, v] spiritual matter and vi] divine matter. The more consciousness it has the higher denomination it attains. That is the law of evolution. By giving this hierarchy of matter, Swami Ramalinga Vallalar, at one stroke cuts the Gordian knot of the Cartesian dualities of soul and body, macrocosm and microcosm, life and matter, conscious and the unconscious, free will and destiny and so on. Now there is no dichotomy between science and spirituality, between the common life and the monastic.

                                        Source: 'The Future Evolution of Mankind' , Salem R. Kuppusamy


'There hardly exists in the literature of the world a collection of Maxims in which we find so much of wisdom.' - German-born Nobel prize winner, Dr Albert Schweitzer on Tirukkural (Sacred Verses), one of the ancient texts of Tamil Siddha Tradition

“Porivaayil aindhavitthaan poyteer ozhukka Nerininraar needu vazhvaar.”

What is ‘the way’ shown here, in this couplet, by Valluvar? The way is indicated here in two steps. The first step is to transcend the sense pleasures of all the five senses. For every sense operates singly and claims to be the only known dimension of reality at the time of perceiving. They may alter themselves or succeed one another but they never organize themselves into one unity and operate as a whole. When one sees, he only sees. When he wants to see, hear, touch and taste simultaneously, he has only a blurred or a foggy image or impression. That is why when one wants to listen totally and concentrate on a piece of music, he closes his eyes and canalizes all his attention only through the organ of hearing, the ears. Similarly, when one wants to think continuously and concentrate on an object, he closes down all the five senses and enters into his own mind. This is called ‘Meditation’.

The secret, to be understood, is this: Consciousness is life. Cessation of consciousness is death. To have control over consciousness is to gain control over death. So, the removal of obstacles on the way to gaining total control over total consciousness is the way to longevity and immortality.Death occurs in three ways. One way is to die permanently; the body is separated forever from consciousness. This is called ‘clinical death’, certified by doctors.The other two ways occur while we are alive, while having a living body. Here death is partial. It is a training or exercise to go into the land of death permanently.Living through the senses, perceiving through the senses is one way.Sleep is another way of practical death.

Valluvar calls these two live-deaths by the word ‘POI’ or cessation of consciousness or the operation of only a fragment of consciousness and the remaining parts of it inoperational, or non-functioning. Which means, man, even while alive is only partially conscious, that is, partially alive and partially asleep or partial death and partial cessation of consciousness. As long as this control over one’s own consciousness is not totally won over, one cannot conquer the death of consciousness and later the death of body.

God is total consciousness operating simultaneously everywhere. Man should aim at this role-model. But what is happening to him now, in his body? Each sense fragments and narrows down his consciousness. His sleep extincts his consciousness. Though one is supposed to be alive during sleep, he has, in reality, lost contact with reality, and for all practical purposes dead. The phrase ‘poi theer ozhukka neri’ means the way of unbroken consciousness, like the fall of oil (thaila thaarai). The main thing is to be with no break in the functionality of consciousness. In short, to conquer sleep forever is to be enlightened. Not to lose consciousness even for a second.

Even a machine needs rest. But consciousness never. Consciousness must never, never go to sleep, not even for an iota of a moment. That means gaining total control over your consciousness. This is known by Thirumoolar as ‘Thidampada Mei Gnanam Saerthal. Gnana means enlightened, awakened consciousness, continuous, uninterrupted flow of consciousness through waking hours, dreaming hours and sleeping hours. This eternal vigilance of consciousness must be kept up. That is ‘Mei Gnanam’, true Gnana, or Turiya, the fourth state of consciousness. Then one conquers the laws of physical nature and goes beyond and enters into spiritual reality

‘Ozhukkam’ means flow, to fall continuously. ‘Tears flow from eyes, water flows from waterfalls’. Examples can be multiplied. Like that consciousness must flow constantly. ‘POI’ means interruption, break in continuity.We say in tamil ‘Mazhai Poaithathu’. It means rain did not come. Manifesting itself at one time and not manifesting at another time is called “POI” in ancient Tamil. To be always there is denoted by ‘MEI’, ‘Poi Theer’ means eradication or destruction or cessation of interruption, in short, to be uninterruptedly, to conquer the break, to be forever, to be one and not to be a fragment. So, ‘Poi Theer Ozhukka Neri’ means the way of having a continuous flow of consciousness and not to lose control over it. This is called Mukthi or Salvation or Enlightment of Consciousness.

Poi means the physical body which is one day bound to die. As long as there is a single physical atom, this physical body will die. This physical body must be totally transformed first into a pure-body (producing no excretory matter or waste) called Suddha Deham, then into a Pranava Deham or letter-body or sound body or Mantra body like that of gods and goddesses, and finally into a light-body of wisdom or total compassion called ‘Gnana Oli Deham’. The pure body is called‘Mei’ or True Body as opposed to untrue body, the physical body or ‘Poi’. How to do it? This physical body contains 1% intelligence and 99% physicality. Increase the degree of intelligence to 100%. Transform the inorganic inert matter in the body into organic live intelligent cells by being totally aware always, by being totally conscious.

What is the penultimate and ultimate degrees of intelligence and consciousness? LOVE and COMPASSION. Except love and compassion all the other thoughts-even if they bring you millions of dollars or international fame are sleep and produce poison in your body and will kill you subsequently. So transform your physical body first into a LOVE-BODY and then into a COMPASSION-BODY which alone is indestructible. For love is subtle heat producing subtle-light and compassion is causal heat (Kaarana agni, says Vallalar) producing causal light. From causal heat are produced innumerable forms of heat like that of sun, moon, stars, fire, and electric bulbs etc.The only agent that is capable of transforming physical matter into life is LOVE. And the only agent capable of transforming living matter into spirit and divinity is TOTAL COMPASSION

The process of transformation of the physical body into a pure body and the other two bodies is vividly and scientifically described by Saint Manickavacagar in his Thiruvacagam and more elaborately in all its details by Swami Ramalinga Vallalar in his Arut Perum Jothi Agaval Poem.In short, all the five senses and the function of mind will be taken over by the Third Eye

Consciousness will never descend below the head. That is why Swami Ramalinga says, the Yoga of Suddha Sanmarga takes place above the throat. He also says, ‘Always keep your attention at Chid Sabha’ or in the third eye region behind and in between your eye brows. The faculties of the five senses and mind will be taken over by the third eye. One can see, hear, smell, taste, touch and give anything to anyone in any world without the aid of one’s physical organs. Like a wireless, remote control instrument, one’s pure consciousness-force, one’s whole-conscious love-energy will do that. (Source: ‘Jeevakaarunya Ozhukkam’ by Swami Ramalinga Vallalar)

Real action, direct action of the king, Atman without the aid of the executive body will take place. Pasu Karanas or instruments of jeeva or soul will be transformed into Pathi Karanas or instruments of God. This is called the process of sublimating the five sensory doors’ (Pori vaayil inthu avithal) and totally eradicating the physical body and transforming and replacing it with a TRUE INDESTRUCTIBLE BODY called MEI. (Poi theer ozhukka neri) Poi means matter. ‘Theer’ means eradicating, totally transforming. Ozhukkam means discipline, regimen. Neri means the way. The way of transforming matter into life, life into mind, mind into soul (jeeva), soul into spirit (atman, pothu), spirit into Arut Perum Jothi or God. Only those who successfully carry out this process in their bodies will become immortals and live forever like God Arut Perum Jothi. Others may live long but will die one day.

What will be the changes in the body during this process of transformation?

There are four types of cells in the human body: Inorganic cells like nails and hair, all the other body cells of seven dhatus like skin, muscle, nerve, blood, bone, nymph and semen are organic cells, and brain cells and finally light-perceiving cells in the brain and eyes. By doing actions of love and compassion and consciousness the cells of nails, hair and other cells will be first transformed into highly evolved brain cells, and they in turn will be transformed into light-perceiving cells which live forever. So, the whole body will be composed only of light-cells of 100% intelligence, that is, light of compassion.

‘Avitthal’ has two meanings in Tamil: both ‘extinction’ and ‘cooking’ – cooking something to a more sublime state to remove the dross and distil the essence and make it endure for a long time. ‘Idli Avithaan’ means to cook the rice-cake. By cooking the rice into a cake in an oven, its longevity is extended. It is more palatable and made easily digestible. In short, the process of transcendence is taking place. In the same way, all the five senses are cooked, their limitations are removed. This means they are made to act wholly, in unison, as different instruments in an orchestra sounding in unison. They become fragments in a whole, water drops in the flow of a river. This holistic state of consciousness is achieved in true love.

“Kandu Kaetu Undu Uyirthu Utrariyum Aimbulanum Onthodi Kannae Ula”.

In short, the fragmentation of consciousness is death which must be foregone to achieve total, whole, continuous consciousness of God. When such a state of consciousness is achieved, man can have a long life as well as eternity.For this to be achieved the narrowing down of the five senses and forgetfulness and sleep in man’s present consciousness must be fought against and transcended.The implication of the couplet is this: Only the five senses and a fragmented and often-interrupted flow of consciousness pave the way for an early death of man. In short, senses kill man. Antithetically, control of and command over senses and sleep will give longevity and sublimation and divinization of them – Immortality.

                                        Source: 'Source: 'The Science of Enlightenment & Immortality (Vol1: Issue2)